Monday, December 31, 2012

Isn't THIS an interesting development.

5:55 PM EST 12/31/12 
(Ohio Valley Winter Stormcast Team) A storm system developing across the Plains today will track east into the Ohio Valley tonight. 

Snow is already breaking out across IN. The snow will spread eastward across OH this afternoon, possibly starting as a little light rain in some areas. 

  • Further south across far southern IN, and northern KY, a mix of wintry precipitation is expected. 
  • Through this evening, snow will continue across IN and OH, into portions of northwestern WV. Mixed precipitation will continue across far southern IN, north central KY and into west central WV. 
  • While snow and ice accumulations are expected to be light, some slippery travel conditions could develop, impacting New Years Eve activities. 

The map issued yesterday still looks reasonable given the latest information obtained from models and current observations. 

The snow/mixed precipitation will continue through the night and into Tuesday across the region, before ending from northwest to southeast during the day.

Saturday, December 29, 2012

Do You See What I See?

9:45 AM EST 12/30/12 (Long Range Team)  

As we turn the corner toward 2013, one question is on the minds of many readers regarding snow and storms. "What was that it, or is there more to come?" 

We can say with high confidence the winter pattern is just getting underway.  Long range ideas by our colleagues at NOAA rightly point to a less stormy pattern the next 7 daysHowever, the large scale placement of air masses, as indicated by the North Atlantic Oscillation and other teleconnections, clearly suggests while storminess is taking a break across the lower 48 states, we believe the pattern is also reloading to repeat with equal or greater ferocity in the 10-20 day period ahead. We'll have more details on this potential in an updated analysis by 12/31.

Photo credit: Ms. Ingrid Lochte in Glen Rock, PA from 12/29/2012 snow. 

Friday, December 28, 2012

Who's Ready For More Powder?!

8:30 PM EST 12/28/12 
(Winter Stormcast Team Statement)  For those heading to ski resorts this weekend, you nailed it. Our team sees that a moderate snow event remains likely for much of the Mid-Atlantic on Saturday. 

Full details in our statement below: 

  • This storm will be weaker than the midweek storm we just experienced with only nuisance to moderate snows expected. The snow will affect many major metropolitan areas including Pittsburgh, Washington DC, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City. Majority of the region will see mainly snow, except when you go south of Washington DC. 
  • A few changes have been made since our earlier update, including increasing some snow totals. It does seem cold air across Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland Panhandle, and west portions of Virginia will lead to higher than normal snow ratios of nearly 15in of snow to 1 in of liquid. This leads us to believe that this area will see 3-5in of snow in general on Saturday. 
TIMING: Snow should begin shortly after midnight Friday night in Maryland, early morning in Pennsylvania, and New Jersey/New York around mid-morning. The event will only last about 6-8 hours in each region as it moves out of MD mid-afternoon, Pennsylvania/New York late-afternoon, and New Jersey during the early evening hours. 

Three Rivers: 2-4"
Central PA & Northeast 3-5"
Potomac Ridge & Valley: 2-5"
Southeast PA: 3-5" 
Central NJ: 2-4" 
North Central MD: 2-4"
South Central MD: 1-2"
Capital Region D.C. MD: C-2" 
Southern MD: C-1"

IMPACTS: Travelers heading on long weekend vacations will be impacted if they try to leave Saturday. If at all possible we advise leaving Friday, or waiting until Sunday. Temperatures will be sub-freezing to just above freezing in most areas leading to some snow covered roads and icy conditions on roads that snow melts. Expect travel to be difficult during the morning and afternoon Saturday, especially on roads where melted snow refreezes. Conditions may begin improving by the evening, especially in southern areas where the snow moves out early in the afternoon. 

Lead Writer: Winter Stormcast Director Zach Fasnacht.
Contributors: Forecasters Connor M., Greg J., Jason M., Rich Foot, Keith K., Jason I.

Tuesday, December 25, 2012

Go West Young Man? Perhaps Not Today. 

BLIZZARD WARNINGS: Mid-Mississippi Valley to Ohio. 
WINTER STORM WARNINGS from Arkansas to Maine

8:50 AM EST 12/26/12 (Winter Stormcast Team/Forecaster Jason Warren)

Some subtle, but important changes have been made to the forecast regarding the  Midwestern major winter storm. Since Christmas Day, models continue to trend colder and southward with the storm. This means the axis of heavy snow will shift slight southward, and the threat of mixed precipitation will also shift slightly southward. 

With these changes in mind, it still looks like the heaviest snow will fall:
  • Across southern IN and far western KY, northeastward through western and northern OH. 
  • Recent models have shown snowfall totals in excess of 12 inches across portions of this area through Thursday morning. 
  • Strong winds will produce considerable blowing and drifting snow which could lead to white-out conditions at times.
There is still some uncertainty regarding the track and strength of the storm, but models are coming into much better agreement. 

This is expected to be a dangerous, high impact event with very heavy snow, blowing snow, and possibly some icing issues. Stay tuned for additional updates.

Sunday, December 23, 2012

Christmas Surprise For The Mid-Atlantic?


11:00 AM EST 12/24 (The Winter Stormcast Team) - On this eve of Christmas, we have no major changes to our forecast for the period  Monday afternoon into Christmas morning. The effects of a second storm, which may occur in these same areas, may be influenced by how much snowcover this first system produces in the next 24-36 hours. 

FREEZING RAIN & WINTER WEATHER advisories have begun appearing in WV, PA, NY and New England. Monitor this map from NWS Eastern Regional HQ for any changes. 

  • PRECIPITATION: While only light amounts of precipitation are expected in these areas, it could produce several inches of snow from the central Appalachians to central and southern New York. 
  • IMPACTS: The I-95 corridor may see flurries or light snow Christmas Eve night, turning to rain by morning, areas farther inland may take longer to change over to rain, allowing for some to awaken Christmas morning with a little extra surprise out the window.
  • SURPRISES? Due to high pressure north of the storm's track, the influence of cold air damming is expected to occur with this system. This means that colder air may be trapped east of the Appalachian mountains, resisting the push of warmer air from this system. Were this to occur, some areas could see longer periods of snow or frozen precipitation, and less rain.
NEXT UPDATE: Continue monitoring this site, your local NWS office, and the Winter Stormcast | Mid-Atlantic page in Facebook for any changes the next 12-hours.

Click below to read our special holiday feature: 
"How in the Dickens did Charles save Christmas?"

Saturday, December 22, 2012

Could It Be True? Part II


Three years ago this weekend, 18-24" lay across MD. 
10:00 PM EST 12/22 (Winter Stormcast Team) – “I’m Dreaming… of a White… Christmas. “ – It’s something on our minds every year around this time, but snow near or on Christmas is actually quite rare for the Mid-Atlantic. For example, Baltimore, MD's last white Christmas was 2009, but it hasn’t snowed on Christmas Day since 2002! 

This year, however, our team is watching the potential for a possibly notable winter storm to move through the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast on Christmas Eve into Christmas morning, which could give some areas that taste of snow some have been waiting to see, for years. We first outlined this possibility in our "Could It Be True?" article posted earlier this week.


  • The system in question is just a very weak upper-level shortwave at present, but because of its timing, it is certainly worth mentioning. 
  • The general situation we expect is a very weak low pressure tracking along the Ohio River and then into the Mid-Atlantic. 
  • Since we still have a bit of time, and uncertainty is high, we have outlined three possible scenarios for this event as noted below.

STORM OVERVIEW Precipitation may begin during the evening hours of Christmas Eve for the Mid-Atlantic, then continuing into the overnight before departing by the early afternoon on Christmas Day and moving out to sea. 

  • SCENARIO A: The storm remains weak, and has little access to cold air. This means that rain would be the most likely form of precipitation for Maryland, southern Pennsylvania, and southern New Jersey, but some mixing could occur to start. In this situation, some light snow up to an inch or two is possible for central and northern Pennsylvania, northern New Jersey, and southern New York. 

  • SCENARIO B: The storm is still weak and moves through quickly, but cold air is more entrenched over the region, pushing the storm ever so slightly south. This could bring some light snow up to an inch or two to northern Maryland and Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and southern New York with mixing possible into northern Virginia.

  • SCENARIO C: The storm is slightly stronger and large, first bringing snowfall into areas north of the Ohio River, then into West Virginia, then spreading snowfall up to a few inches into much of the Mid-Atlantic north and west of I-95, including VA, MD, PA, NJ, NY, and into New England. The storm would gain strength along the coast pulling in more cold air behind it as it pulls away early afternoon on Christmas Day. 

OUR PRELIMINARY PROJECTION? This point, we think Scenario C is the least likely, but we also believe that Scenario’s A and B are equally likely. Many things could change with this system, so stay with us here as we continue to track this exciting system!

Mid-Atlantic Winter Stormcast Director Zach Fasnacht, Mid-Atlantic Director GregJackson, Forecasters Mike Natoli, Jason Mitchell, Connor Meehan, Andrew Barney, Ross Harris, Mr. Foot 

Friday, December 21, 2012

It'll begin to look a lot like Christmas...(in January, for some)  

12:15 PM EST 12/21 (National Stormcast Team) With climatological winter now having arrived at 6:11 AM local time this morning, many eyes look to see if that Charles Dickens-era dream of a White Christmas has any chance of coming true in the next few days. For some areas, it already has.


For those expecting the world to end today, the only area of concern that our team originally had was for the Pacific Northwest. Forecast Mark Ingalls of our Tri-Cities page in southwest Washington was on this concern, and a forecast graphic posted there earlier this week (as shown below) noted this concern. Upon additional investigation into available data from NASA and other scientific agencies, we were pleased determine this forecast, at least for Friday 12/21, has a low probability of occurring. 

Contributors to this report include:
Mid-Atlantic Director Greg Jackson, Winter Stormcast Director Zachary Fasnacht, Pacific Northwest Director Mark Ingalls, Senior Advisor Brad Lear, Chief Operating Officer Keith Krichinsky, and Lead Advisor Rich Foot. 

Thursday, December 20, 2012

No comments:
Could it be true? Real snow at last?

12:15 PM EST 12/20/12 (Mid-Atlantic Director Greg Jackson, Winter Stormcast Director Zach Fasnacht) With all the ingredients coming together to produce a blizzard in the Midwest, our team projects that winter weather will also impact portions of the Mid-Atlantic as we head into the pre-Christmas Weekend. After "our winter of discontent" in 2011-12, we know many readers are hoping this latest lack of response from Mother Nature on our request for snow will turn for some to have a White Christmas. We will know soon enough! 

OUR LOCAL & REGIONAL ZONES (forecast pages in Facebook)



  • Upper Great Lakes and Ohio Valley to western and central Pennsylvania.
  • Western Maryland, the WV panhandle, Northern Virginia
PRECIPITATION: When the storm to the west arrives into the Pittsburgh Metro area it should be rain, even in the ridges. However, as the storm begins to pull away and the cold front behind it moves in, the precip associated with the storm could end as some sleet or snow. The bigger player and the reason for WINTER STORM WATCHES in the ridges is the lake effect snow that will occur over the western portion of Pennsylvania, and creep into the central area of the state as well.

TIMING: The first signs of precipitation in the Mid-Atlantic will move into the Three Rivers zone by dinner time on Thursday as the low pressure continues moves to the north and east. As this happens winds will shift to the NW over the area and moisture will then start to come off of the lakes. This will create an abundance of lake effect snow for all of Friday and possibly lasting into the morning hours of Saturday. 

  • Pittsburgh Metro Area (lower elevations): 1-4”
  • Ridges in Southwestern PA, WV, and western Maryland: 6-12”; Isolated 12”+
  • Central PA: Coating-1” 
  • Friday travel will be difficult at times for many in the western portions of Pennsylvania and Maryland as well as the higher elevations of West Virginia. 

Wednesday, December 19, 2012

No comments:
Students As Science Ambassadors

Our Baltimore County Winter Weather Assessment is one example 
of how students and professionals on our team collaborate across 
counties and states to interpret and communicate weather & climate 

How It Started. Foot's Forecast was an idea proposed by an unknown 10th grader at the end of science class one day at a semi-urban high school classroom of Baltimore County. Today, there are over 50 students across the country who actively engage the public daily in communicating science to a readership of over 70,000 in social media. 
Forecaster Evan with CEO Rich Foot in a June 2012 presentation 
to students at Hereford Middle School, Baltimore County Schools
On our team, students lead the innovations that help explain in a plain language manner to the public the complexities of the atmosphere and climate. It all starts with believing that students can make a positive contribution, and then giving them leadership opportunities to make it happen. 

Monday, December 17, 2012

No comments:

They do not stand alone. 

As an organization with over 70 college and high school students, as well many meteorologists and advisors, our hearts ache for those affected by the tragic shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut.

Our thoughts and prayers remain heavy for all those who are in grief. We all feel for those families who will forever be changed because we can’t imagine
 ever going through this situation in our own lives. 

As students, it makes us thankful for our teachers, professors, and staff of our schools and universities who take the necessary safety precautions each and every day to keep us as safe as possible. However, no one could ever prepare for this. 

In the coming days all of us will cherish the time that we have with our loved ones, and feel so lucky to have them by our side. It will take days, months, and years for the healing process for many; but we want those having to go through that process to know they will not be alone. 

You have all the hearts of a nation behind you, and we will all be praying for you for days to come.

On Behalf of the Entire Foot’s Forecast Team, 
Greg Jackson
Mid-Atlantic Director

Saturday, December 15, 2012


The Million Dollar Question

7:25 PM EST 12/15   (Forecasters Mike, Nic and the Long Range Team) - Winter has been quiet so far, but could exciting times be coming ahead? For several years, and especially so far this fall, our team has been closely following and experimenting with a scientific theory known as Lezak’s Recurring Cycle or the LRC. While the science behind it has not yet been proven, we do believe that there is a lot truth behind this theory and are using it to base our forecast for the next few weeks. 

OUR LONG RANGE IDEAS, IN ONE SENTENCE: Conditions in the Eastern U.S. could get much colder around Christmas time, with a possible warm up in the middle of January, then another shot of colder air by February.

A QUICK EXPLANATION – This theory has rarely been used in the past, but the idea behind it was first discovered by Gary Lezak, a meteorologist in the Midwest. 

  • The basic idea is that from the late summer through the fall each year, a unique weather pattern lasting about 40-60 days establishes itself. 
  • Around late fall, starts to repeat itself through the following winter and to early summer. 
  • This means that weather patterns that we see in October and November may come back again multiple times. 

Thursday, December 13, 2012

"Look, I just want to know: When it is going to snow?"

8:00 PM EST 12/13 (Long Range Team) While everyone was celebrating the fun of 12/12/12 and or taking in the great music of the Hurricane Sandy benefit concern, our team has been working on creative analysis of the next big production:

When will it snow, where and how much
We know many educators, parents, teachers and families are nervously watching the calendar and the long range forecast. With the last full week of school straight ahead, any disruption of the schedule will significantly crimp many schedules. 

What we can tell you:
  • On November 2, 2012 we predicted  "one or more large scale, high impact winter weather events in the Eastern U.S. and Mid-Atlantic between November 25 and December 20"
  • A period of much-below normal temperatures from late November to early January, similar to the Dec 1989 cold wave, followed by a significant warm period in the East for January 2013, ending with a brief return to cold, stormy weather by mid-February.*

Tuesday, December 11, 2012

1 comment:
Is there any hope for real winter?
An introduction, and our team's thoughts on the winter pattern ahead. 

6:30 AM EST 12/11 (WSC Director Zachary Fasnacht) Hey all! For those who do not know, I am the new Director of the Mid-Atlantic Winter Stormcast Team and wanted to formally introduce myself. 
  • I'm a junior in Meteorology at Penn State with a minor in computer science. 
  • For the past year I have forecasted for the Pennsylvania team on a regular basis, and lately I have helped forecast for storms such as Sandy and the Nor’easter Sandy and was helping write statements for New Jersey during both of the teams. 
  • If you want to learn more about my background and a special announcement of interest for all our readers and the team, check below our team statement

So far this Winter we have seen the cold air has been trapped in the Midwest and not budged far east at all. We have had several cold fronts push through but the cold air has been minimal and retreated quickly as most storms have gone north into Canada and occluded and not really pushed through the east coast. 

Even the Midwest has been mild on average as the cold air is trapped in northern areas of the Midwest. The snowcover has been minimal in the Midwest which might be helping to keep the cold air out in the upper Midwest and into Canada. Precipitation has been plentiful however as it has been an active weather pattern with only dry weather for 2-3 days at most before another storm pushes through.

Saturday, December 8, 2012

1 comment:
And The Next Storm Is....?
The slow step-down to winter lurches forward with a Central Plains cutter.

Graphic provided by Affiliate Forecaster CirrusWeather of Hays, Kansas

8:45 AM EST 12/8 (Winter Stormcast Team) Is this the December our calendar forgot to remember? We know that many powderhounds are waiting, watching and wondering when their area will ever see snow. Heading into the second week of December, although much of Canada retains snowcover, the U.S. is starkly lagging behind. Almost the entire Eastern U.S. even into New England is devoid of notable snowcover. 

The current storm system as depicted above looks to deliver snowfall to the central and western U.S. this weekend while much of the East remains on the warmer side, expecting just rain. Any snow will be confined to interior New England. A look at what our team expects -- or does not expect -- in the week ahead across different regions:
  • MID-WEST: Affiliate Forecaster CirrusWeather states that for the central Plains this weekend, "Saturday will be the last “warm” day before all of this with highs in the 50’s statewide. Saturday night things will begin to change, starting in Northwest Kansas and working towards Southeast Kansas by Sunday evening as the system pushes through." As posted in our Winter Stormcast | Central Plains zone. For snowfall impacts once the storm reaches the Great Lakes, you can check in with our Southeast Wisconsin zone.
  • EAST: The Director of our Winter Stormcast | Mid-Atlantic zoneZach Fasnacht had this to say about the eastern U.S. snow potential the next week, "We think the cold air will stay trapped in Canada for longer than expected. There will be a series of storms starting this weekend. But with the jet stream to our north, the cold air will be trapped to our north. Eventually a storm will come through and be strong enough to open the door to this cold air. But until then just some chilly rainstorms unfortunately."

Friday, December 7, 2012

No comments:
"I'll never be the same..."
- Timbaland


Photo credit:
Award results of Ocean City Dew Tour Skate Mega 2.0 
Center (1st) Tom Scharr, Left (2nd); Eliott Sloan; Right (3rd) Bob Burnquist

(Surf & Sail Team) The 2012 Pantech USA-sponsored Dew Tour held in Ocean City, Maryland had a classic start and a wildly successful finish under clearing skies and throngs of thrilled beach spectators. An article provides a full wrap-up of the Skate and BMX results. For our team, seeing youth athletes passionate about their sport was as inspirational as knowing the Dew Tour received the weather support necessary to make the right call, and finish strong.  

Photo credit: On-site Forecaster Connor Meehan of BMX Competitions in Ocean City, MD

Despite a rain delay Sunday afternoon, our team was pumped to see that the athletes enjoyed a dazzling finish to the 4-day event capped off by an energetic crowd right on the beach.  Foot's Forecast was on-site for the entire 4-day event with our interpretive weather forecast services, collaborating with the Dew Tour Event Staff, tweeting updates to the Ocean City Tourism Advisory Board and working in the mobile-command center of the Ocean City Department of Emergency Services

Read on for the backstory on how we helped the Tour make the right call for all.

Thursday, December 6, 2012

Welcome to the Foot's Forecast Team
Delivering authentic local weather for you in 28 states & the UK


Newest Zones & Affiliates
Winter Stormcast | Pacific Northwest
Central Kentucky | Central Indiana
WeatherOn.Net (Washington State)
London, England | Northern Ireland

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

1 comment:

"Nothing succeeds like success."
- Baltimore City Paper on Foot's Forecast, September 2012


It started in 2004 at a Baltimore County high school science classroom. Over time, the passion of our readers and the dedication of our forecasters brought our team to being recognized by Yahoo News in August 2011 as "an innovative and hugely informative weather information site," and a "credible weather sourceby the Seattle TimesIn September 2012, Foot's Forecast was awarded the Baltimore City Paper's "Best Weather Blog of Baltimore." and in February 2013 were featured by Seattle's KOMO-4 News as shown below in a story about Forecaster Mark Ingalls. 

Those are just a few headlines from our story. Featured below is a selection of other accolades and stories we have received from the media across the U.S. that we are pleased to highlight as a testimony of the power of student engagement.

"Foot's Forecast is my go-to weather team." Learn through eyes of the media why we are considered by tens of thousands to be the their go-to source for authentic local weather. Our zones extend from from the Pacific coast to the plains of Kansas, under the palm trees of south Florida, in central Maryland, New York and even London, England. We invite you to follow us, and take the right step for your local weather.


Feb 2013  "Network of college and high school age forecasters keep tabs on the skies"
by Seattle's KOMO-4 News, 2-19-2013.

Oct-Nov 2012 WYPR Public Radio invites CEO Rich Foot to several in-studio appearances on Mid-Day with Dan Rodricks to speak about Hurricane Sandy.

9/26/2012  "Foot's Forecast briefs Kamenetz on upcoming winter" (Dundalk Eagle article) "With September, through presidential decree, having been National Preparedness Month, Baltimore County officials held a briefing last week.. and naturally, the county went to the student forecasters of the Foot’s Forecast [team]."  
(Maryland Team Press Release from 9/27/2012)

9/25/2012 Baltimore Office of Promotion & The Arts and Maryland Team of Foot's Forecast partner to provide on-site services and promotional forecasts for the 17th annual Baltimore Book Festival

9/19/2012 Best Weather Blog by the Baltimore City Paper. "Nothing succeeds like success, especially in the fickle world of weather forecasting. All it took was the “Snowpocalypse” of the winter of 2009-2010 and a front-page mention from The Baltimore Sun’s Frank Roylance, and a little weather blog, run by the Earth Science students of Dundalk High School and teacher Richard Foot, turned into a forecasting phenomenon."

7/25/2012 Caroline County, MD Emergency Services and Foot's Forecast partner to provide on-site forecasting services and fusion forecasting promotion to the August 2012 "SummerFest in OZ"

5/26/2012 Bel Air Downtown Alliance and Foot's Forecast Announce "Fusion Forecasting" Partnership 

5/11/2012 KORD 102.7 radio station in southeast Washington State published an article on their website by Mark Ingalls, titled "5 Weird Weather Facts About The Tri-Cities, from Weather Expert Mark Ingalls."

4/17/2012 Forecasters Andrew Barney and Zachary Fasnacht of the Central Pennsylvania Team were recognized as part of Penn State's #1 spot in the  80-college "Weather Challenge" network and annual competition, as noted in this PSU article. Andrew won the distinction of top forecaster in the nation among all freshman and sophomores. 

1/23/2012  Lead Forecaster Mark Ingalls of Kennewick, Washington, who is a senior at Kakamin High School, was named to the staff of local radio station KORD 102.7 as "The Weather Guy." Mark records updates to the radio station when requested, and writes articles for their website. 

1/06/2012  CEO and Lead Advisor Mr. Foot was featured in a special article by Baltimore Style Magazine titled "The Fantastic Mr. Foot" detailing the history and philosophy that led to Foot's Forecast growing so rapidly across the country in the past year.

Lead Forecaster Greg Jackson in the Carroll County Times
9/25/2011  Lead Forecaster Greg Jackson of our Three Rivers Team in metro Pittsburgh (facebook link) was featured in a Sunday, 9/25/2011 article in The Carroll County Times: "Many jobs involve social media use as part everyday process."  Greg is a 2011 graduate of North Carroll High School of the Carroll Public Schools, a freshman in Environmental Studies  at the California University of Pennsylvania. Greg, along with Forecaster Matt Balash comprise the Three Rivers Team serving the Southwest Pittsburgh area. 

Lead Forecaster Connor Meehan of Central Maryland in the Baltimore Sun and Howard County Times "Columbia teen forecasts Hurricane Irene's track." Prior to Hurricane Irene, Connor was invited to the County Emergency Operations Center to discuss the approaching storm and analyze model scenarios and potential storm risks.

U.S. Team Spokesperson Aaron Salter of Carroll County, MD interviewed by Dan Rodricks of 88.1 WYPR-FM Public Radio in Maryland. Aaron is a senior in Geography and Environmental Studies at the University of Maryland-Baltimore County and a service-learning intern in the nationally-recognized Shriver Center on the UMBC campus.

Lead Advisor Rich Foot of Central Maryland in the Dundalk Eagle "Dundalk-Edgemere braces for possible arrival of Hurricane Irene."

Pacific Northwest Director Mark Ingalls of Kennewick Washington featured in The Tri-Cities HeraldThe Tacoma News-Tribune and was topped off by the Seattle Times. Not bad for an incoming senior. Check the article here. Mark is the Lead Forecaster of our team's Pacific Northwest zone in facebook.